Choosing the right nursing course after 12th is a challenge since there are so many options available in various levels and formats. While some nursing programs last around two to three years and award certificates upon graduation, others offer a full-fledged four-year degree program. The nursing curriculum varies among schools. Some prepare students to become community health workers, while others prepare them to treat large groups in a community-focused way. 

The following are the most popular nursing courses offered in India after 12th grade. 

  1. BSc Nursing is offered at an undergraduate level after 12th Science (Physics-Chemistry-Biology)

This is the course students enroll to earn a nursing degree after 4 years.

The objective of the course is to train students to become highly trained nurses who can

  • Use the nursing process to demonstrate proficiency even in critical care 
  • Utilize problem-solving approaches in delivering health care to the sick and well
  • Prevent, promote and rehabilitate healthcare services using knowledge from the humanities, biology and behavioral science 
  • Show the application of ethical ideals in their personal and professional lives
  • Mobilize community resources and their participation in community work

Who can Apply for BSc Nursing?
As well as passing the qualifying 12th Standard test (10+2) with 45% in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, the candidate must also pass English alone.

What are the career prospects of BSc Nursing?
A BSc Nursing degree offers several opportunities. Students can either work or continue their studies. The course will prepare students to work as a nursing supervisor, a nursing assistant, and other healthcare roles after completion. Students may also pursue postgraduate degrees in Biochemistry, Nursing, or Education. BSc Nursing candidates typically earn INR 3 LPA on average. 



2. General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) is offered as a diploma in nursing after 12th in any stream (Arts/Science/Commerce)

It is a three-year nursing curriculum that teaches students the fundamentals of nursing and healthcare, as well as how to interact successfully with other members of a health team. 

GNM is a professional programme that emphasizes skill development and job placement. The curriculum of the GNM course comprises fundamentals of Nursing, Anatomy & Physiology, Psychology, Sociology, and First Aid. Candidates undergo hands-on training under the supervision of highly experienced nursing professionals at various government, multispeciality and superspeciality hospitals that will offer them first-hand experience working in hospitals and nursing homes.

The course aims to prepare future nurses to handle critical healthcare situations, deliver best-in-class nursing services, and meet the individual, family, community, and national healthcare needs working alongside a female nursing professional. As a whole, GNM learning pedagogy is aimed at training students according to industry trends and requirements.

Who can Apply for GNM diploma?
Students with a minimum of 50% in the 10+2 Board examination can apply to the GNM diploma course regardless of their stream (Arts, Science, Commerce).

What are the career prospects of GNM?
GNM degree holders have several job prospects. They can begin their nursing profession as a Home Nurse, Health Visitor, Community Health Worker, Basic Health Worker, Rural Health Worker, Aanganwadi, or ASHA employee. GNM graduates may expect to earn between Rs. 1.5 lakh and Rs. 3 lakh per year. Nurses in forensics, critical care units, and private home care may expect to earn between Rs. 4.9 lakh and Rs. 5 lakh per year.

Can I join BSc Nursing after GNM?
After GNM, one can register as a Registered Nurse or Registered Midwife (RNRM) with the State Nurse Registration Council . Following that, one may work for at least two years before pursuing a BSc in Nursing.

BSc Nursing OR GNM?
Your professional aims and priorities will influence the type of nursing degree you should pursue after completing your 12th grade science course. If you do not want to devote more than three years to your postsecondary education after completing your 12th grade science, or if you do not want to learn details of nursing sciences and simply want to become a nurse for work or even humanitarian purposes, you should enrol in a GNM programme. To become a full-fledged nurse or nursing graduate, however, you must first complete secondary school and then pursue a B.Sc. nursing degree.

nursing-community-participationNursing is a noble and respected vocation. Those who desire to work as nurses and receive a
BSc in Nursing or a diploma in nursing (GNM) have various options. In both programmes, the purpose is to train its graduates to serve as competent professional nurses and midwives capable of providing both curative and preventative care.

If you are searching for the best colleges in nursing, Brainware University, one of the best private universities in Kolkata offers both bachelor’s degree and GNM diploma. Please visit the course sections of the University’s website for additional information on the programmes: 


Nevertheless, before you decide to pursue a
nursing course and start looking for a nursing college, it is essential to ensure that not just the quality and substance of nursing education are high, but you also have what it takes to be a successful nurse, as having a service-oriented mindset is crucial for becoming a good nurse, and love and compassion comes naturally to you.